Arno B. Luckhardt, a physiologist, was born in Chicago in 1885. His entire professional career was spent at the University of Chicago. His academic career was also in Chicago, having earned his B.S. (1906) and Ph.D. (1911) degrees from the University of Chicago. His M.D. degree was earned from Rush Medical College (1912), which was then affiliated with the University of Chicago. He joined the University of Chicago’s Department of Physiology in 1909, eventually becoming the William Beaumont Distinguished Service Professor. He retired in 1950, and died in 1957.
In the field of anesthesia, he investigated and demonstrated the anesthetic value of ethylene gas, and perfected the technique in practical surgery. Related research included general and local anesthetics and respiratory physiology, in addition to a multitude of other research interests.