WLM ID: aijr | Catalog Record
The medical practice of acupuncture originated in ancient China, and continues to be used today, both to prevent and to treat disease. Thin needles are inserted into specific "acu-points" on the body, each of which corresponds to specific limbs and organs, in order to balance the body's energies. James Morss Churchill (1796?-1863), an English surgeon, wrote A Treatise on Acupuncturation in 1821. This was the first book in the English language about acupuncture.
Over the course of the next decade Churchill popularized the technique by writing several other books and articles on the subject. He reported his own success, and that of other physicians in France and England, in treating rheumatism, sciatica, hernia, inflammation, jaw and back pain with acupuncture. In his 1821 'Treatise,' Churchill illustrated the needles used by the French practitioner, Demours. The needles shown here are of the same design. They were made from steel sewing needles, and are equipped with ivory handles.