Acupuncture Model M
WLM ID: aiuw | Catalog Record
This wooden model is representative of figures once used to teach acupuncture in China. The practice of acupuncture is based on the ancient Chinese concept of yin yang balance. Yin and yang represent the interdependent opposites that exist in everything, and for good health the two must be in balance. According to traditional Chinese Medicine, a metaphysical energy called "qi", or “chi”, is believed to circulate throughout the body along invisible channels called meridians. It is thought that stagnation or problems with the flow of "qi" causes a yin yang imbalance. To restore that balance, the skin is punctured with very fine needles at acupoints. Most acupoints are found along the body’s twelve meridians. Practitioners of acupuncture use it to relieve pain and to treat a variety of health conditions.
The practice of acupuncture was developed in China and spread to other areas in Eastern Asia, including Korea and Japan, long before Europeans became familiar with it. Willem ten Rhijne, a Dutch physician who studied acupuncture for two years in Japan, wrote the first European text on the subject, De Acupunctura, published in 1683. Surgeon James Morss Churchill wrote the earliest English text on acupuncture, A Treatise on Acupuncturation, in 1823. Acupuncture became popular in the U.S. beginning in the 1970s, and continues to be used today.