WLM ID: aimm | Catalog Record
William Hooper (1818-1878), a chemist, innovator and entrepreneur, was an active participant in the early fervor to develop effective ether inhalers. He is even reported to have successfully administered ether for an eye surgery. Hooper based this inhaler on one designed by Dr. James Robinson (1813-1862). Robinson was a prominent London dentist who was the first to successfully administer an ether anesthetic in England, on December 19, 1846 (63 days after William Morton’s demonstration in Boston). The exact nature of any contact between William Hooper and James Robinson is poorly documented, but second-hand accounts suggest that Hooper had Robison’s encouragement to modify and improve the inhaler.