WLM ID: aikh | Catalog Record
Dr. Virginia Apgar (1909-1974) was an anesthesiologist and pioneer in perinatal medicine. Introduced in 1953, the Apgar score is a method of evaluating newborn infants based on five observable signs: heart rate, respiratory rate, muscle tone, reflexes and color. A number of 0, 1, or 2 is given to each sign and the score is totaled at one minute and again at five minutes after birth. Apgar’s method provided a meaningful standard that was used to study and compare various obstetric, anesthesia, and resuscitation practices, and led to improvements in the care of women during labor as well as newborn infants. The Apgar score continues to be used throughout the world to assess the health of newborns. Dr. Miguel A. Colon-Morales described the first version of his score timing clipboard in 1971. The New Apgar Score Timing Unit was designed to facilitate accurate and timely score-taking in a very busy and sometimes distracting environment.