Military Endotracheal Set

WLMD ID: almm
The Foregger Company was one of the most influential makers of anesthesia equipment from 1914 through the 1960s.  Although the company was not contracted to build machines for the armed forces, its Military Endotracheal Set was used by the U. S. Army.  The set included a laryngoscope, Magill endotracheal tubes, and connectors in various sizes.  These metal pieces are used to connect an endotracheal tube to the hose that carries the mixture of air and anesthetic gases produced by the anesthesia machine.

Catalog Record: Military Endotracheal Set

Access Key: almm
Accession No.: 2014-07-23-1 S

Title: [Military endotracheal set] / Foregger.

Corporate Author: Foregger Company.

Title variation: Alt Title
Title: Foregger military endotracheal set.

Publisher: [New York] : Foregger, [between 1941 and 1960?].

Physical Descript: 1 intubation set : fiber, metal, rubber, glass ; 7.5 x 30.5 x 17 cm.

Subject: World War II.
Subject: Military Medicine – history – United States.
Subject: Intubation, Intratracheal – instrumentation.
Subject: Airway Management – instrumentation.

Note Type: General
Notes: The early year in the date range for the possible year of manufacture of this
case for a Foregger military endotracheal set is based on the first year that
the “Military Endotracheal Set” was in the Foregger catalog (1942). The
end-year is based on the last year the set was found in a Foregger catalog
(in the 1960 catalog, but not in the 1962 catalog). The date range could
change if documentation, or expert opinion, indicates that it should be

Note Type: General
Notes: Title taken from the Foregger catalog.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Catalog No. 8. New York: The Foregger Company, Inc.; 1942:92.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Foregger Apparatus for Anesthesia, Oxygen and Extracorporeal Circulation:
Catalog 16. Rosyln Heights, N.Y.: The Foregger Company, Inc.; ©1960:60.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Foregger R. Richard von Foregger, Ph.D., 1872-1960: manufactuerer of
anesthesia equipment. Anesthesiology. 1996;84(1)1990-200.
aspx?articleid=1949462&resultClick=1. Accessed April 3, 2015.

Note Type: Physical Description
Notes: One case made from a thin but hard material (plastic or waterproof
fiberboard) that has been molded into a flat rectangular shape and held in
place with rivets; A curved divider inside the case is made of the same
material; IThe case is light in weight, has a telescoping lid, and is dark
khaki-brown in color; The outside of the case is worn but sturdy; Marked on
the left side of the top of the case is, “FOREGGER”; The case is held shut
with a canvas strap and buckle; Inside the case are a number of items that
are not original to this case, but that represent pieces of equipment that
were issued with the Foregger Military Endotracheal Sets; They includes one
folding laryngoscope with blade, three Magill Endotracheal Catheters (one 34
Fr. and two 32 Fr.), one universal metal Y adapter, four elbow connectors,
and four slip joint connectors.

Note Type: Reproduction
Notes: Photographed by Mr. Steve Donisch November 12, 2014.

Note Type: Acquisition
Notes: Donated to the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology by John M. Strohm, M.D.

Note Type: Historical
Notes: The Foregger Company of New York sold this military endotracheal set from
about 1942 to 1960. It was assembled to provide all of the essential
instruments an anesthesiologist would need to insert a flexible breathing
tube into a patient’s trachea (windpipe). The set included rubber breathing
tubes, special adapters for connecting a tube to an anesthesia machine and
breathing system, and a laryngoscope. A laryngoscope is a tool used to gently
lift the tongue and tissue in the throat just enough to expose the opening to
the lungs. The case was made from lightweight compressed fiberboard and, when
closed, was secured with a thick canvas strap and buckle.

The Foregger Company, founded by Dr. Richard von Foregger (1872-1960), was a
major manufacturer of anesthesia equipment and contributed significantly to
the development of anesthesia technology in the United States.

Note Type: Exhibition
Notes: Exhibited at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, October, 2014.