Ohio Kinet-O-Meter 4000

WLMD ID: akxj

The Heidbrink Company introduced the Kinet-O-Meter machine in the mid-1930s. It was influential enough to attract the attention of competitors. Before the end of that decade, the Heidbrink Co. had been acquired by its rival, The Ohio Chemical and Manufacturing Company. For three decades, Ohio kept the well-respected Heidbrink name and continued to make the Kinet-O-Meter, in many configurations and with numerous modifications. Even after Ohio was in its turn acquired by other companies, this widely-used machine continued to be known as "the Heidbrink". Shown here is the Model 4000, also called the “Compact” Model, introduced around 1963. The various Kinet-O-Meter models were finally phased out in the late 1960s, when they were replaced by the Ohio Unitrol machine.

Catalog Record: Ohio Kinet-O-Meter 4000

Access Key: akxj
Accession No.: 1991-08-09-1 B

Title: Heidbrink compact / Ohio.

Corporate Author: Ohio Chemical and Surgical Equipment Company.

Title variation: Alt Title
Title: Ohio kinet-o-meter 4000.

Title variation: Alt Title
Title: Ohio-Heidbrink compact kinet-o-meter

Publisher: Madison, Wisconsin : Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co., [between 1963
and 1970].

Physical Descript: 1 anesthesia machine : cast iron, other metals, glass, rubber, plastics, ceramics, paint ; 150 x 70 x 60 cm.

Subject: Anesthesia Machines.
Subject: Nitrous Oxide.
Subject: Cyclopropane.
Subject: Halothane.
Subject: Enflurane.
Subject: Oxygen – instrumentation.
Subject: Verni-Trol Sidearm Vaporizer.

Note Type: General
Notes: The early year (1963) in the date range for the possible year of manufacture
for this machine is based on the earliest publication in which this machine
is mentioned (an ad in the journal Anesthesia & Analgesia). The end year
(1970) is an estimate based on the year that the Ohio Chemical & Surgical
Equipment Company changed its name to Ohio Medical Products (1967). This
machines has an oxygen knob (the Calverley knurled oxygen knob) that was
added to the machine after manufacture.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Dorsch JA, Dorsch SE. Anesthesia machines and breathing systems: an
evolutionary success story. In: Eger EI, II, Saidman JL, Westhorpe RN, eds.
The Wondrous Story of Anesthesia. New York: Springer; 2014:706-707.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Dorsch JA, Dorsch SE. The continuous flow machine. Understnding Anesthesia
Equipment: Construction, Care and Complications. Baltimore: Williams &
Wilkins Company; 1975:59-67. [Briefly describes a number of Heidbrink

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Heidbrink Company. Heidbrink presents the Kinet-o-meter Flow-meters. Anesth
Analg. November-December, 1934;13(6):xiii.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Heidbrink Company. The new Kinet-O-Meter (Heidbrink). In: Second annual
meeting of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetits. [Cleveland, Ohio?]:
[National Association of Nurse Anesthetists]; 1934:[second page of
advertisements at end].

Note Type: Citation
Notes: Hewer CL. Modern apparatus for the administration of the “gas” anaesthetics.
In: Recent Advances in Anaesthesia and Analgesia (Including Oxygen Therapy).
2nd ed. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston’s Son & Co. Inc.; 1937:68-70. [On this
page range, “Bobbin Type” flowmeters are discussed. Also of note, the
“Kinetometer” is not mentioned in the 1932, first edition, of this work.]

Note Type: Citation
Notes: History. Ohio Medical Corporation website. https://www.ohiomedical.com/default
aspx?id=8&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1. Accessed April 30, 2014.

Note Type: Citation
Notes: The New Ohio-Heidbrink Compact Kinet-O-Meter [advertisement]. Anesth Analg.
November/December, 1963;42(6):page 4 of ads.

Note Type: Physical Description
Notes: One cabinet-style anesthesia machine on four wheels; The overall height
includes the Tycos gas gauge; The height of the cabinet with wheels is
approximately 97 cm; The width (70 cm) includes the gas tanks and carbon
dioxide absorber; The cabinet includes five drawers and one pull-out shelf;
Self-made plastic labels have been applied to the draws; The labels include
“CHARGE CARDS”, “LEVINE TUBE 3”, “BLOOD TUBES”, etc.; On the left side of the
cabinet are two yokes for nitrous oxide; The yokes have blue handles marked,
“N2O”; On the right side of the cabinet are two yokes for oxygen; These yokes
have green handles marked with “O2”; Above the pull-out shelf on the front
center of the machine are the following manufacturer markings, “OHIO” within
the company’s diamond shaped logo, and “Heidbrink [new line] COMPACT”; Above
this are three gas gauges, from left to right, labeled, “N2O”, “C3H6”, and
“O2”; Above these is a dial that may be pointed to one of three markings,
“VAPOR ON”, “VAPOR OFF”, “OXYGEN FLUSH”; Above these is the stainless steel
table top; On the front left corner of the table top is a supporting pole for
the CO2 absorber; The absorber is an Ohio Circle Absorber; On the center back
of the table top is a flowmeter bank; From left to right, the flowmeter bank
includes one white Verni-Trol, one orange cyclopropane, one blue nitrous
oxide and two green oxygen meters; Added to the left side of the bank is a
Verni-Trol flowmeter that is labeled for halothane; The Verni-Trol vaporizer
port for enthrane is located on the right side of the flowmeter bank; On top
of the flowmeter bank is a Tycos pressure gauge with increments numbered from
20 to 300O (in increments of 20); On the back of the machine is a yoke for
cyclopropane; This yoke has an orange handle; On the left back corner of the
machine is a Boehringer gas scavenger marked with “CATALOG # 5300”; Also on
the back of the machine are plats and stickers placed by the owner and
manufacturer; They include, “MID-MAINE MEDICAL CENTER [new line] 2624”, and
layers of Ohmeda maintenance stickers; Only the top sticker is visible; The
last maintenance date marked is “2-8-91”; The manufacturers markings include
the Ohio logo, “Heidbrink KINET-O-METER”, and the Airco logo”; Also on the
manufacture’s plate is, “CATALOG NO. 4333”, “SERIAL NO. P862”, and “OHIO

Note Type: Reproduction
Notes: Photographed by Dr. Steve Donisch, September 20, 2013.

Note Type: Acquisition
Notes: Donated to the WLM by Kenneth Green, MD.

Note Type: Historical
Notes: Above the pull-out shelf on this cabinet-style anesthesia machine is the name
“Heidbrink COMPACT,” along with the manufacturer’s name and diamond-shaped
logo. Introduced by the Ohio Company around 1963 for use in smaller operating
rooms, it was also referred to as the Ohio-Heidbrink Compact Kinet-O-Meter,
and the Kinet-O-Meter 4000. It was made with two gas yokes for nitrous oxide,
two for oxygen, and one for cyclopropane. It was built with flowmeters for
these gases and an “Ohio Circle Absorber.” This example also has a Verni-Trol
vaporizer for halothane, and was most likely modified to vaporize “Enthrane”
sometime after its original purchase.

Dr. Heidbrink, a dentist and pioneering designer of anesthesia equipment,
introduced the first Kinet-O-Meter around 1934. It featured a dry flowmeter
in which the flow was indicated by a stem, or small rod, that slid up and
down a scale as gas flow increased or decreased. An updated version was
introduced in 1938, the same year that the Heidbrink Company was acquired by
the Ohio Chemical and Manufacturing Company. For decades, the Ohio Company,
and the companies that subsequently acquired Ohio, used the well-recognized
Heidbrink name for a series of popular anesthesia machines.

Note Type: Publication
Notes: Heidbrink JA. Gauge for indicating the volume of flow of gases. US patent 2,
076,562. April 13, 1937. www.google.com/patents/US2076562. Accessed October
21, 2014.

Note Type: Publication
Notes: Latest and best. The Call Bell. March, 1966;1(1):4. https://providencearchives
contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15352coll14/id/445. Accessed October
21, 2014. [Includes a photo of a Kinet-O-Meter Compact Model with an
anesthesiologist (Dr. R. A. Brown) and a nun (Sister Maria) standing next to

Note Type: Exhibition
Notes: Selected for the WLM website.